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四级考试巅峰训练一本通 Test 4

[00:01.35]Test Four
[00:03.13]Section A
[00:05.02]1. W: Jim, I bought a shirt for you. I only paid $2.00.
[00:10.18]M: I bought a skirt for you.
[00:11.76]It's sixty cents more than the shirt.
[00:14.39]Q: How much did they spend?
[00:32.25]2. M: If I were you,
[00:34.47]I'd live in the city instead of going to work by train.
[00:37.92]W: But the country is so beautiful in the spring and fall.
[00:41.58]Q: Where does the woman prefer to live?
[00:59.99]3. W: Could you tell me if Flight 858
[01:03.73]from San Francisco will be on time?
[01:05.87]M: Yes, Madam. It should be arriving in 10 minutes.
[01:09.58]Q: Who do you think the woman is talking to?
[01:28.03]4. M: Think it over carefully,
[01:30.70]you must have left it somewhere.
[01:32.62]W: But the problem is that I have to have it now,
[01:35.17]I need it to use my car,
[01:36.85]and when I get home, to open the door.
[01:39.63]Q: What happened to the woman?
[01:57.36]5. M: Hello, I'd like the number of Mary Carver, please. C-A-R-V-E-R.
[02:04.72]W: The number is 240~1013.
[02:08.94]Q: Whose number does the man want?
[02:27.32]6. M: I'd like to send this letter by registered mail.
[02:31.63]W: Is there anything valuable in it?
[02:34.41]Q: Where does this conversation take place?
[02:53.21]7. M: I'm leaving now. Are you going to be out later?
[02:57.42]W: I'm just going to get a sandwich at the coffee shop downstairs.
[03:01.64]Q: What will the woman have for lunch?
[03:19.98]8. M: Hello, I'd like to change my reservation for April 2 to April 3,
[03:26.48]and make that for two singles, not one.
[03:29.24]W: Very well, that can be done.
[03:31.66]Q: What kind of room does the man want now?
[03:50.29]Conversation One
[03:52.36]W: I'm fed up with sitting on packing cases, Joe.
[03:55.65]Don't you think we could buy at least two chairs?
[03:58.54]M: Do you know how much new chairs cost, Cathy?
[04:01.22]One cheap comfortable armchair … eighty pounds.
[04:04.25]W: Yes, I know. It's terrible. But I have an idea.
[04:07.76]Why don't we look for chairs at a street market?
[04:10.30]I've always wanted to see one.
[04:11.93]M: All right. Which one shall we go to?
[04:14.45]W: Portobello Road, I think.
[04:16.29]There are a lot of second hand things there.
[04:18.56]But we'll have to go tomorrow.
[04:19.89]It's only open on Saturdays.
[04:21.76]M: What time do you want to go? Not too early I hope.
[04:25.32]W: The guide book says the market is open from nine to six.
[04:28.58]It's a very popular market so we'd better be there when it opens.
[04:32.11]M: Right. I'll set the alarm.
[04:33.60](The next day.)
[04:33.96]W: Oh, Joe. Look at the crowd.
[04:36.01]M: They must have the same guide book that we have.
[04:38.43]W: But it's very exciting …
[04:40.17]look at that old table cloth and those beautiful curtains.
[04:43.61]M: Aren't we looking for chairs?
[04:45.18]W: Yes, but we need curtains. Come on.
[04:49.17]Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
[04:53.56]9. What is Cathy fed up with?
[05:11.36]10. What does Joe worry about?
[05:29.10]11. Why do they plan to go to Portobello Road?
[05:47.94]12. When will they be at Portobello Road?
[06:06.30]Conversation Two
[06:08.32]M: Could I have my bill, please?
[06:09.90]W: Yes, sir. One moment, please.
[06:13.36](She brings the bill and the customer looks at it carefully.)
[06:16.94]M: Could you kindly explain this to me? What is item 6?
[06:20.24]W: Perhaps I could go through it for you.
[06:22.40]The first item is the cover charge. Number 2 is the beer.
[06:26.19]Then your starter, your main course and the vegetables.
[06:29.78]The main course was 4.50 not 3.50,
[06:32.96]so item 6 is the difference.
[06:35.44]M: Oh, I see. But how was I expected to know that?
[06:38.58]W: Yes, sir. They are a bit hard to follow sometimes.
[06:41.97]Number 8 is your dessert and number 9 the cigarettes.
[06:45.45]Oh, and number 7 is your second beer.
[06:48.52]M: And what about the service, is that included?
[06:50.90]W: Yes, that's marked down here, 10 per cent service.
[06:54.18]M: Good. Thank you. Now, can you take my credit card?
[06:57.17]W: I'm afraid we don't accept credit cards.
[06:59.66]M: Oh dear. What about a cheque with a banker's card?
[07:02.81]W: Yes, sir. That will be all right.
[07:06.49]Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
[07:11.67]13. What is the man now doing?
[07:29.59]14. Which items are about beer?
[07:47.85]15. Which item is the vegetables and which item is the dessert?
[08:09.42]Section B
[08:11.30]Passage one
[08:13.10]Plants seem to know which way is up and which way is down;
[08:16.75]furthermore, they seem to know right from left.
[08:19.75]If a cutting from a Lombardy poplar is kept alive,
[08:22.85]new shoots will grow from the end that grew upper most in the tree.
[08:26.74]There is no visible difference between the top
[08:28.91]and the bottom of the living stick,
[08:30.69]even under a microscope.
[08:32.70]Even so, the stick will not send out shoots
[08:34.94]from the end it views as bottom
[08:37.10]even if this end happens to be on top!
[08:39.87]Scientists studying this subject further
[08:42.04]split their cuttings lengthwise.
[08:44.32]To their surprise,
[08:45.41]they made another interesting discovery.
[08:47.92]A good many more buds
[08:49.23]grew on the right hand side of the split surface than on the left.
[08:53.11]They split the sticks again
[08:54.36]and found that the buds again grew on the right side.
[08:57.82]The results of the entire study
[08:59.44]showed a 60 — 40 preference for the right side,
[09:03.17]proving that growing plants are basically "right handed."
[09:08.35]Questions 16 to 19 are based on the passage you have just heard.
[09:12.87]16. What determine "up" and "down" on a cutting?
[09:31.87]17. What do scientists find
[09:34.84]when examining the ends of a fresh cutting?
[09:52.11]18. How would the cuttings behave
[09:54.90]when scientists split the sticks a second time?
[10:12.18]19. What is the best title for this passage?
[10:31.02]Passage Two
[10:32.73]Columbus sailed from Spain in September 1492, looking for gold.
[10:37.35]Native Americans greeted him, offering gifts of corn.
[10:41.09]Columbus found little gold on that trip,
[10:43.29]but he collected many plants, including corn,
[10:45.55]to bring back to Spain.
[10:47.49]Columbus didn't know it,
[10:48.83]but the corn was much more valuable than gold.
[10:51.34]Farmers from Europe to Asia accepted it immediately.
[10:54.60]They grew it on cold mountain sides and in tropical forests.
[10:57.99]Today it feeds millions of people all over the world.
[11:00.88]On his second trip,
[11:02.19]Columbus brought back a bag of chocolate beans to make chocolate.
[11:05.68]Europeans and Asians love this new drink,
[11:07.97]and soon they were paying a great deal of money for the beans.
[11:11.40]Chocolate beans became so valuable in central America
[11:14.64]that they were used as cash for 200 years.
[11:18.19]Tomatoes and potatoes became popular.
[11:20.78]Eventually, however,
[11:22.19]they became the basis of a lot of popular food.
[11:25.46]It is hard to imagine life without fried potatoes and chocolate.
[11:29.11]Thanks to native American cultures,
[11:31.14]many people are able to enjoy lots of tasty food.
[11:35.61]Questions 20 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard.
[11:39.95]20. Why is corn feeding millions of people today?
[11:58.95]21. What did Columbus bring back on his second trip?
[12:17.91]22. What was the result of Columbus two trips to America?
[12:37.99]Passage Three
[12:39.93]There are over 3,000 languages
[12:41.72]that are used throughout the world today.
[12:44.33]Almost all of these languages
[12:45.73]belong to a much smaller number of language families.
[12:49.18]All of the languages within a language family are related
[12:52.38]and all of them have a similar history.
[12:54.79]Therefore, the grammar, vocabulary,
[12:56.77]and sounds of related languages are similar.
[13:00.05]In addition, the way of thinking and the style of talking
[13:02.80]among related languages is similar.
[13:05.87]Even though there are over 3,000 languages that are used today,
[13:09.65]there are only about 20 or 30 major language families.
[13:13.51]Each of these large families includes many individual languages.
[13:17.79]The language that we are using now is English and English is,
[13:20.89]of course, a member of a larger language family.
[13:24.82]English is a member of the Indo European language family.
[13:29.07]The Indo European language family
[13:30.96]includes most of the languages that are spoken throughout Europe,
[13:34.55]languages such as English, French, and Greek.
[13:37.87]Of course, nowadays many Indo European languages
[13:40.98]are spoken in other parts of the world.
[13:43.37]For instance, Spanish, which is an Indo European language,
[13:47.18]is spoken throughout South and Central America,
[13:50.20]but originally it was spoken only in Europe.
[13:55.00]Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
[14:00.27]23. How many languages are there in the world today?
[14:19.32]24. Which of the following is not a member
[14:23.00]of the Indo European language family?
[14:40.23]25. Where else is Spanish spoken except in Europe?
[15:01.44]Section C
[15:03.16]Bureau of Indian Affairs is an agency of the United States government,
[15:07.42]generally responsible for administering federal policy
[15:10.04]for Native Americans and Inuits (Eskimos).
[15:13.03]It shares some responsibilities —
[15:14.98]for example, in education and housing
[15:17.58]— with other federal agencies.
[15:19.80]One of the oldest federal agencies,
[15:21.81]the Bureau of Indian Affairs was created in 1824
[15:24.89]by the War Department;
[15:26.37]it was added to the new U.S. Department of the Interior in 1849.
[15:30.79]Its early mission was to assimilate Native Americans
[15:33.69]into white American culture,
[15:35.63]but by the 1930s it had succeeded
[15:37.70]only in drastically disrupting Native American life.
[15:41.02]Its present mandate from the U.S. Congress
[15:43.35]is to provide technical assistance to tribal governments
[15:46.43]as well as to aid them in obtaining maximum benefits
[15:49.44]from Native American resources.
[15:52.73]Bureau of Indian Affairs is an agency of the United States government,
[15:56.84]generally responsible for administering federal policy
[16:00.50]for Native Americans and Inuits (Eskimos).
[16:03.50]It shares some responsibilities —
[16:06.46]for example, in education and housing
[16:09.12]— with other federal agencies.
[16:12.00]One of the oldest federal agencies,
[16:13.99]the Bureau of Indian Affairs was created in 1824
[16:17.16]by the War Department;
[16:19.51]it was added to the new U.S. Department of the Interior in 1849.
[16:25.97]Its early mission was to assimilate Native Americans
[16:28.83]into white American culture,
[16:32.84]but by the 1930s it had succeeded
[16:34.61]only in drastically disrupting Native American life.
[17:28.19]Its present mandate from the U.S. Congress
[17:30.58]is to provide technical assistance to tribal governments
[18:23.61]as well as to aid them in obtaining maximum benefits
[18:26.53]from Native American resources.
[19:17.33]Bureau of Indian Affairs is an agency of the United States government,
[19:21.51]generally responsible for administering federal policy
[19:24.05]for Native Americans and Inuits (Eskimos).
[19:27.12]It shares some responsibilities —
[19:29.11]for example, in education and housing
[19:31.66]— with other federal agencies.
[19:33.89]One of the oldest federal agencies,
[19:35.88]the Bureau of Indian Affairs was created in 1824
[19:39.05]by the War Department;
[19:40.46]it was added to the new U.S. Department of the Interior in 1849.
[19:44.91]Its early mission was to assimilate Native Americans
[19:47.70]into white American culture,
[19:49.74]but by the 1930s it had succeeded
[19:51.73]only in drastically disrupting Native American life.
[19:55.06]Its present mandate from the U.S. Congress
[19:57.42]is to provide technical assistance to tribal governments
[20:00.41]as well as to aid them in obtaining maximum benefits
[20:03.57]from Native American resources.
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